Salwar Kameez is a very popular Indian dress. Salwars are worn with a kameez and depending on the cut and design, there are several different types of salwars. The most common and basic type is called a salwar whereas all the other types have different names. The video tutorial on how to cut a salwar can be found here. For a tutorial on cutting and stitching all these types of salwars, click on the respective links.

1. Salwar

This is the basic type of salwar that is worn with normal kameez. It usually has frills at the front up to 6” on either side from the centre.

2. Patiala/ Patiyala

Patialas have always remained in fashion. They are usually worn with short and tight kurtis. Patialas with embroidery and patch work on them are very popular. They have frills all over the hip area to create volume and require much more cloth than the normal salwar.

3. Harem pants

Harem pants are similar to the Patialas as they too have frills all over the hip area. The only difference being that they are gathered at the ankle with elastic or pleated and stitched. Full length or Knee length Harem pants having frills only at the sides are also very popular. They are usually worn with t-shirts or short tops.

4. Churidhar

Churidhar is a leg hugging pant with gatherings at the bottom. It is worn with anarkali kurtas and dresses which have more volume on top like princess cut kameez and A-line kameez. Nowadays churidhars with permanent gathering, embroidery are also available. Depending on the cut and method of stitching there are two types of churidhars one with a waist band and one without.

5. Parallel pants

They are usually worn with kameez which have a front opening or with short tops. They look casual and yet trendy.

Pajama pants are one of the most comfortable pants that are ideal to wear at night. They are usually made of soft cotton or jersey fabrics. 

Dhoti salwars are currently in fashion. They are comfortable and roomy pants and are a must have in our wardrobe. Dhoti salwars or pants are usually stitched with cotton and other soft fabrics. They can be worn with short tops or T shirts.

Dress materials usually have salwar cloth of about 2 ½ metres length and hence only a basic salwar can be stitched with the cloth. Since Patiyalas require more than 3 metres of cloth a patiyala cannot be stitched. In this case a semi patiyala which has construction similar to a salwar but resembles a patiyala can be stitched.


  1. hie,
    ur blog is very useful hopefully u will upload some videos for cutting n sewing. I wanted to ask u do u know how to cut anarkali dress plz? it will be so helpful if u have any tutorial regarding that...may Allah bless u for sharing ur knowledge...

    1. Thank you for your comment.. Will hopefully put videos some day... The tutorial on Anarkali suits can be found here

    2. hi ur blog is too good thank u so much but where i can see cutting for gathering pant please reply me please

  2. How to make parellels pant?

    1. Hi Anu,
      You can check out this link for the tutorial on parallel pants...


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